wash, cut, color, perm, and style customers' hair. They also
perform skincare services and nail services.
provide all the services of hairstylists and more. For customers
who want a makeover, cosmetologists begin by analyzing their hair
and physical features. Based on their analysis, they recommend
makeup and skin treatments. They may rub on facial treatments to
clean and beautify the skin. Then cosmetologists shape the eyebrows
and apply makeup and explain each step on the process.
Cosmetologists also clean, shape, and polish customers' fingernails
and toenails. Some cosmetologists clean and style wigs and hair
must keep their work areas clean. After each customer, they sweep
the floor around the chair. They also wash the combs and any other
tools used on used on customers. In addition, they make
appointments and keep records of the products their customers use.
For example, they record what hair colors customers use. Some
workers sell hair products or makeup supplies. Those who own or
manage salons order supplies, pay bills, keep records, and hire
jobs very depending on the size and type of salon they work in.
Some salons may only do hairstyles. Larger salons may hire nail
technicians to do nails only and estheticians to work with the
To work as a
hairstylist or cosmetologist, you must:
cosmetologists complete a formal training program. Professional
technical schools and two-year colleges offer cosmetology and
hairstyling programs. As a student, you get both classroom and
hands-on training. During training, hairstylists learn to shampoo,
cut, and style hair. Cosmetologists learn skin care, hair removal,
and makeup application. You also study sterilization techniques,
chemistry, and skin problems. It takes nine to 24 months to
complete a program.
At first you
practice on other students in your training program. Later you work
with customers in a salon that offers discounted services for work
done by trainees.
Helpful High School Courses
A high school
degree is required to work in this occupation. You should take
courses in high school that prepare you to earn a high school
diploma. This includes courses in English, math, science, and
social studies. You also need to take courses in physical
education, health, and applied art or second language.
Below is a
list of high school courses that will help prepare you for this
specific occupation. While you do not have to take all of them, you
should consider them in planning for high school. Some of these
courses are also available at colleges and technical
Introduction to Business
Life and Physical Science
cosmetologists are self-employed, you may find it useful to take
business, accounting, and computer courses.
require hairstylists and cosmetologists to be licensed. Some states
may require applicants to pass physical exams. Other states require
applicants to have a high school degree or GED.
for hairstylists and cosmetologists who have an understanding of
fashion, art, and technical design. They look for employees who
enjoy working with people. They also want stylists who are willing
and able to follow customers' instructions. Some salon owners look
for employees with a certain image and attitude to fit the culture
of their business.
Licensing / Certification
must be licensed to practice in Minnesota. Applicants fo rlicensing
must provide evidence of the following:
high school diploma or GED
least 1,550 hours of schooling at an approved cosmetology school;
pass the cosmetologist exam
license must be renewed every three years. For renewal, an
applicant must have a certain number of salon experience hours and
pay a renewal fee.
the median wage for hairstylists and cosmetologists is $11.85 per
hour, or $2,054 per month for a full-time worker. Half of all
cosmetologists earn between $9.42 and $15.43 per hour, or between
$1,633 and $2,675 per month.
the median wage for cosmetologists is $1,580 per month ($9.12 per
hour). Half of all of the cosmetologists earn between $1,250 and
$2,130 per month ($7.22 and $12.31 per hour).
Pay vaies by
the hairstylist's experience and the range of services they
provide. The number of customers they attract and hold also affects
wages. In addition, pay varies by how much customer tip. Some
hairstylists and cosmetologists receive a portion of money from the
products they sell. In some salons, employess are paid bonuses for
bringing in new clients.
offer benefits for full-time employees. These may include sick
leave, paid vacation, and medical insurance. However, many
cosmetologists are self-employed or work part-time, and do not earn
about 13,568 cosmetologists work in this medium-sized
about 585,000 cosmetologists work in this medium-sized
city has beauty salons. However, most salons are in big cities or
suburbs, where there is a high demand for their services.
percent of hairstylists and cosmetologists are self-employed. Some
own their own salon. Many others lease a booth or chair from the
employment for cosmetologists is expected to grow about as fast as
the average for all occupations through 2012.
the number of jobs for cosmetologists is expected to grow about as
fast as the average through the year 2012.
population and personal incomes grow, the demand for cosmetologists
should increase. Some growth will come from teenagers and baby
boomers, including men, who want coloring services. There will also
be growth in full-service spa salons. These salons offer services
such as beauty wraps, pedicures, and massages. Many employees will
be needed to offer a range of services. However, strong competition
is expected for jobs at elite salons where the pay is
openings will be created as current hairstylists and cosmetologists
transfer to other occupations.
for cosmetologists is usually in the form of building a steady
client base. A large group of loyal clients usually results in more
money for workers. Cosmetologists may advance by becoming managers
or large shps or by opening their own shops. A few may become
instructors. This requires experience and teacher training. Others
may become sales representatives for cosmetic firms, or work as
examiners for state licensing boards.